A Detail Guide to Vitrectomy & Vitreoretinal Surgery – A collection of surgical procedures performed deep within the eye’s interior either using laser tech or the usual surgical instruments is referred to as “Vitreoretinal eye surgery”. The delicate surgery is performed where light-sensitive membrane (retina) and vitreous humour, gel-like layer are found.
The procedure, to a certain extent, can restore, preserve and improves the vision for many different eye conditions including age-related macular degeneration, diabetic vitreous haemorrhage, detached retina, macular hole, CMV retinitis, epiretinal membrane and diabetic retinopathy.
About Surgical Specialists
Ophthalmologists, optometrists and subspecialists working in coalition to their seniors can recommend patients of the surgery after detailed eye examination. A vitreoretinal specialist is capable to perform almost all the surgical procedures whereas ophthalmologists can execute with the surgeries that involve laser tech.
Circumstances to Vitrectomy
During the procedure, the vitreous humour or the gel-like substance in the eye is removed to closely address and deal with the root cause of vision anomaly that can be a foreign body invasion in a deeper and sensitive area. Bleeding; is one of the finest examples that can be from conditions like diabetic vitreous haemorrhage.
Presence of foreign matter disrupts light rays to pass through the eyes, thus casting a shadow on the retina which distorts or significantly reduces the vision. Once vitreous humour has been removed, surgeon would inject saline solution as a replacement to fill up the interior eye chambers and membranes. Some of the most common reasons to perform vitrectomy surgery Dubai are:
- Epiretinal membrane
- Macular hole
- Retinal detachment
- Diabetic vitreous haemorrhage
- Proliferate vitreoretinopathy
- Intraocular foreign body removal
- Lens nucleus retrieval post complex cataract surgery
General anaesthesia is administered before the procedure however, local anaesthesia is also used in particular conditions, mostly when general is inappropriate like for patients having some breathing anomaly or asthma. Surgeon would make tiny three incisions in the eye and introduce openings for inserting the instruments and carry out with the procedure. Surgical instruments that pass through these cuts include:
- Light pipe which acts as a high-intensity, microscopic flashlight.
- Infusion port used to replace the eye fluid with saline solution and to maintain eye pressure in an appropriate manner.
- A vitrector or cutting tool used for removal of vitreous humour in a gentle and controlled manner. It also protects the retina by reducing friction while the gel is being detached.
Only a qualified eye surgeon who’s familiar with your overall ocular health can recommend vitrectomy surgery or any other procedure. During first week of the post-surgery, you’re likely to use antibiotic and anti-inflammation eye drops for quick and safe recovery.
Vitrectomy procedures have a high success rate however; post-surgical bleeding, infection, cataract and retinal detachment are possible but quite rare and reported only in extreme cases. Individuals who’ve had their vitrectomies performed reported significant improvement in their overall eye health especially with clear vision.
The post-surgical problems are best dealt with the marvel of modern medicine however only if recommended by the surgeon or your eye specialist.